The debate on gender discrimination in social spectrum of Pakistan is going for centuries. A wide believe is that woman is sub-ordinate to men particularly in male chauvinistic societies. However in wake of enlightened moderation and social pressures from international community keeping in view of several cases of women oppression, in last decade gender equality has inched up in Pakistan.
However I will refer from the Holy Book verses 228, chapter 2, SURAH BAQRA, reads as under
“And woman shall have rights, similar to the rights against them, according to what is equitable, but men have a degree (of advantage) over them”
This verse proves that Islam gives equal rights to men and woman. The verse further says that men have a degree of advantage over woman. Here I want to make it clear that most of the people have faltered and even some of the commentators have misconceived these words. Woman is supposedly weaker sex and she has got to be given special protection under certain circumstances i.e. pregnancy etc, however man are stronger on basis of their biological organization and formations.
Where men and women compliment each other this little advantage given to men does not give credit to man and no discredit to woman. This advantage is being given to men in order that he could be able to effectively discharge his duties that includes his priority as protector and maintainer of a woman.
In recent years, social and economical pressures have forced women to step out of houses unlike early yeas of Pakistan. Thus complexities started to increase. Thus a demand for special space for women was escalating since long with in women folk. However besides people who were against the women rights, there has been big segment of society who favors women empowerment. Pakistani males with progressive approaches believe in women empowerment, therefore pro-women laws have been introduced to ensure the security of women as individuals. Positive aspect is that the Government of Pakistan is working in a right direction, it has amended discriminatory laws against women and moreover, increased number of women legislators, Speaker national assembly and several other important positions are filled by women.
Furthermore, it is pertinent to mention that Woman in Pakistan are now participating in sports earlier known for male orientation. In wake of pro-women laws and adequate encouragement Pakistani women have started to exhibit their capabilities. Pakistan Women Cricket Team has won the Asian Cup in 2010. Several Athletes have won laurels for Pakistan. Several Industries are now female dominated e.g Fashion, Social Media Marketing and Public relations etc. Several Channels are dedicated to only women, and their emancipation. Women are now being inducted to more organizations because they prove themselves more competent and hardworking.
Most important role in this regard was played by Electronic and Print Media. Media Organizations particularly high lighted the issues related to their oppression, and arranged talk shows promoting women rights. Bench Marks like Benazir Bhutto former slain prime Minister of Pakistan, who set examples for not only Pakistani women but for whole womanhood across the world to stand up and raise voice for their rights.
Pakistani society has witnessed a slight but encouraging raise in gender equality. However Pakistani women are not westernized and following the patterns of freedom and liberty West is known for. The dignity for being woman is always take care of in Pakistan. Bigger role and kudos to the male folk in Pakistan who with enhanced levels of tolerance are now more progressive. Men want women to play important role in mainstream socio-economy for becoming constructive part of society.
However this way women role has also increased manifold, she besides looking after her home is responsible for her work too. Her home or work suffer due to her divided attentions. But at such early stage when women just are trying to make place in international communities, this can be discouraging. She has been respected mother, then why not as a wife, sister and daughter. Gender inequality is global phenomenon, and not only Pakistan but developed countries have been stigmatized with issues related to women sanctity either at homes or work places.
For Pakistanis dignity, equality, equal opportunity, responsibility and respect of the women, irrespective of their faith, religion, culture and traditions. Pakistan is one of the top listed countries of the world where gender inequality was growing day by day however situation is getting better. But there are obstacles and challenges ahead on national fronts that call for urgent attention to be redressed.
Access to Education should be made equal for women and men both to reduce the disparity between both folks. Once the problem of literacy is addressed many problems will vanish from the screen automatically. Women role in making a community, a country, a nation or world is very important. They have been playing their role efficiently, however the nature of duties have been changed to some extent. Where women have been trusted, i am sure the out put would be positive.