Communism and religion; these two are are just opposite to each other may be we can call them as two different poles of human belief. Early communism like as proposed by Karl Marx is completely based on atheism, but to some extent it was having a liberal view point. Karl Marx himself was an atheist and he termed religion in a very difficult way. In his famous quotation he once said that
“Religious distress is at the same time the expression of real distress and the protest against real distress. Religion is the sigh of the oppressed creature, the heart of a heartless world, just as it is the spirit of a spiritless situation. It is the opium of the people. The abolition of religion as the illusory happiness of the people is required for their real happiness. The demand to give up the illusion about its condition is the demand to give up a condition which needs illusions.”
(Critique of Hegel’s Philosophy of Right ).
Lenin the other face of communism in USSR also qouted
“Atheism is a natural and inseperable part of Marxism, of the theory and practice of scientific socialism”
The term Religion is important for the majority sect of people in all over the world, but it raise a question “wether religion is really necessary to lead a peaceful life?”. It will be decided by the people of the world when the time will come. There are some communists although, who has termed a new name for communism called “Religious Communism”.
Let us take in depth with this religious communism. Religious communism is based actually on some religious principles and its followers merge with secular communists in abolitionism of capitalism. It is based on the principle that some people volunteer themselves their personal belongings so that each and every people can have a little share and miserable condition of people can get a little reduced. The main motto of this principle is that “Let people work according to their ability”.
In religious communism the ideology is that to apply religion in the field of communism. Here some criticism can be done like how can an intellectual apply religion to communism is a good question and great food for thought. Religious communism is advocated by great philosophers like Fran-ois Babeuf who coined a great term
“Society must be made to operate in such a way that it eradicates once and for all the desire of a man to become richer, or wiser, or more powerful than others.”
Various religion like Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, Christians support to this ideas.
Islam directly does not have any fundas of ‘Religious Communism’. But to some extent Zakat and Riba are in favour of Religious Communism, in the sense that zakat refers to the system of donating some of a personals income to some one and that is what religious communism supports. Riba is a system for usury and is totally forbidden in Islam as stated in Quran. Verses like
“That they took riba, though they were forbidden and that they devoured men’s substance wrongfully? We have prepared for those among men who reject faith a grievous punishment (Qur’an 4:161)”
“O you who believe, you shall not take riba, compounded over and over. Observe God, that you may succeed. (Qur’an 3:130)”
clearly states how Islam does not allow Riba.The same principles appears for Religious Communism.
According to christian beliefs that supports the view of “christian communism” states that after a year of death and resurrection of Jesus Christ a little group including the apostles formed a small group of christian communists. To some extent according to many Christians The Holy Bible compels them to follow communism. Some biblical verses like ACT 2 and 4 states that Christians lived in communist society.There are numerous other quotes that are taken from ‘Synoptic Gospel’ that defines the life and ministry of Jesus.There are various quotes that suggests the idea. An example can be
“49 For he that is mighty hath done to me great things; and holy is his name. 50 And his mercy is on them that fear him from generation to generation. 51 He hath shewed strength with his arm; he hath scattered the proud in the imagination of their hearts. 52 He hath put down the mighty from their seats, and exalted them of low degree. 53 He hath filled the hungry with good things; and the rich he hath sent empty away.” (Gospel of Luke (1:49-53), Mary delivered the following description of the works of God).
The above statement clearly shows the idea of Religious Communism.