Sachar Committee report is a report that is merely a 404 pages documents and nothing more than that. It is basically a committee that states the condition of Muslims in India in terms of social, economic and educational status. According to this committee the conditions of Muslims are worst than Schedule Caste and Tribes in India. This report was tabled in Parliament on 30th November 2006.
The Report is very disappointing in all sense and it is a step for remake of Pakistan Part-2. There are lots of facts and figures on which the report has been prepared are baseless. I am not here to criticize this report but I would like to draw some basic flaw of this report:
1. A point in the report states that Muslims are very less in number in the government jobs. An answer to this may be drawn out as follow: Almost 95% of the elite Muslim group who were largely dependent on Jobs left India at the time of partition and those who were left are mostly rural and they are self-employed and self service providers. A great majority of them, under the influence of powerful mullahs, kept away from modern education and, in consequence, modern jobs and professions. Thus, the figures for Muslim percentage in government jobs practically started from a zero base. This point should have been mentioned in the report’s overall analysis. Its omission is a serious statistical error. It is same case as that of small numbers of Hindus that stayed backed in Pakistan.
2. The Sachar committee report totally ignored the fact that there is a large number of Muslims who are self-employed people, tradesmen and service providers and who do not feel the need to secure a government job. Also, the social and economic position of a community does not necessarily depend on the jobs that its members hold in the government or the organized sector. If that had been the case, I am afraid the position of Parsees, to take one example, would be extremely backward.
3. Another area where it has gone completely wrong is in creating an impression that India’s entire educational and economic system has gone out of its way to exclude Muslims. Whereas, in actual fact, we have all gone out of our way to give placement to them wherever they merit selection. There are indeed, some very serious errors, on the statistical front.
4. According to Prof. Imtiaz Hussain, who thrashed the report on the ground that the report has ignored the status of Muslims in terms of jobs held in all the South Indian states and others like Gujarat and West Bengal. He pointed out that the Muslims in this states are in much better condition than reported in the Sachar Report. He questioned the statistics presented by the Sachar Committee in relation to the Census data which shows that the Muslims are better off in several states.
5. Muslim Scholar Prof. A.R. Hashim, also criticized the report saying that the report has compared the Muslim Community with Hindu community, after removing the Schedule Caste and Tribes from the Hindu Community. Removing this bulk of Peoples who are in terms of Data will give an obvious statistical error.
6. The Chief Minister of West-Bengal Mr. Buddhadeb Bhattacharya had also criticized this report. He said the report totally ignored the Muslim peasantry who benefited from the state’s land reforms programme. Also, our business organizations are still dominated by the caste system. Consequently, a company dominated by banias generally looks out for banias. In that process too Muslims and minorities suffer as much as people belonging to other Hindu castes. This need not necessarily be an anti-Muslim bias.
7. Justice Sachar has clearly ignored the fact that Muslims are doing well in many areas. Like take the example of Azim Premji, chairman of Wipro, the richest corporate Indian, Habib Rahman, chairman ITC Hotels, Habil Khorakiwala of Wockhardt, the Cipla group, Israt Hussain, a top associate of Ratan Tata, and many others.
8. The Sachar Committee didn’t taken into account the glass workers of Ferozabad, brass manufacturers and traders of Moradabad, the textile operators of Bhiwandi, the carpet makers of Kashmir and the Zari workers of Varanasi. Sadly, these people do not find any mention in the Sachar Report which chose to concentrate only on certain levels of government jobs and worked out the position of Muslims only on that account.
9. The Committee has not taken into account the overwhelming eminent position occupied by Muslims in Bollywood, including the fact that almost 50 per cent of top actors and actresses are Muslims, if not more.
It remains a mystery why the government had not assign this work to its own minority affairs divisions or at least to National Minorities Commission, instead why they have chosen a third party for this analysis. It is also a big mystery that why did the government accepted the Sachar Committee Report without discussing it in Parliament or at least an informal debate.
Government and Indian National cannot be at a large basis be accused by the Sachar Committee report as a whole. Indian Muslims occupy a pride of place in our democracy, and Gujarat (2002) and Babri Masjid (1992) are exceptions, not the rule.
Summarizing the whole discussion only one point can be drawn and that is Sachar Committee has failed both in analysis and conclusions.