By Azhar Masood
Monroe Doctrine forbade the United States not to look beyond Atlantic. Though it was sucked into First World War but it never made member of League of Nations. Perhaps it had no ambition or was not capable of throwing a challenge to British Empire. But at Yalta Conference when Theodore Rossewelt realized that British Empire was declining the US made a swift change its policy and dreamt to rule the world. It participated in the II World War to ensure victory for the Allied powers but never unfolded its real designs.
General Dwight D.Eisenhower ensured victory from West to East and North to South. He had read the mind of President Roosewelt and when he himself opted for politics and became a winning general and President of the United Satates; he immediately initiated policy of alignment and containment of communism. But he never went for a war as such. Venture of Korea resulted costly and a great embarrassment for the United States. Still it sliced Korea into two countries North Korea and South Korea to keep its toe-hold over South East Asia. Similarly it preferred to recognize Kumin Tong’s part-Formusa as China ignoring but containing the mainland of Communist China.
The USA swiftly raised North Atlantic Treaty to contain the then Soviet Union and there started an era of cold war. American next venture in Viet Nam in early 60s was another disaster. Vietnam situation was not different than that of Afghanistan. A Texan President Johnson opened several fronts in the region. With Vietnam Americans attacked Kampuchea in its policy of ‘hot pursuit. But even after creating South Vietnam its forces made stray attacks in neighbouring countries.
Wounds of Vietnam were very deep. US policy planners thought the Soviet Union a real challenge not only it had posed direct threat to the USA but Moscow openly funded and supplied weaponry to all those Islamic nations which were out to eliminate Israel. The final decision was for ‘Great game’. How to suck Soviet Union in Afghanistan which was heavily under Soviet Union and even being a monarchy its administration was influenced by Marxist philosphy.
The United States’ first move was a coup d’etat by Sardar Daud against Zahir Shah. Soviet could not understand the real plan. American wanted both Pakistan and Iran to be ts allies in the great game but it received big no from Prime Minister Bhutto in late 1975 and the Emperor of Iran Raza Shah Pehlvi. So both were destabilized and removed. In Pakistan a CIA favourite General Ziaul Haq was available but in Tehran Islamic Revolution was so strong that a pro-US Shahpur Bakhtiar could not sustain velocity of revolution and forces of status quo went off air when Islamic Pasdaran took hold of complete administration.
Sardar Daud in Afghanistan kept flirting with the Soviet Union and held secret hobnobbing with the Americans. April 1978 Sour Revolution brought Noor Muhammad Tarakai an extreme leftist. Soon he was removed and Kabul became a real play field for several great intelligence agencies. December 1979 witnessed an invasion of Afghanistan over a million strong Soviet troops with Babrak Karmal as a total Moscow’s man at the helm of affairs. Pakistan participated in that proxy war where human material came from Afghanistan, Held Kashmir and several Arab countries. The United States supervised the entire operation it supplied Stingers to Mujahiddin to counter Soviet Gunships. Most of money poured in from USA and Saudi Arabia. Weaponry came from Egypt and Israeal.
Soviets started feeling the heat when the body count increased and operational cost became unfordable. Afghanistan was not the only battlefield where NATO wanted to weaken Soviets. President Reagon announced ‘Star War’ programme. That was a real bluff which Americans played. Their Star War programme was confined to computer and Soviets ina tit for tat basis spent billions of Rubels to counter threat from Space.
Americans had the last laugh when they brought a man of their liking Mikhail Gorbachove. Who chaired the dismemberment of Soviet Union and elimination of Marxist philosphy. Afghanistan was left high and dry. President Najibullah , a Pashtoon could hold for a while but warlordism gave birth o Talebanisation of Afghanistan. All thes men Osma Bin laden, Dr.Ayman Zuwahiri and others were US allies and they ruled Afghanistan with Mullah Omar as their local President.
Osama was promised Kingdom of Saudi Arabia after victory in Afghanistan. Americans used him and never cared for him. There came another Texan as the President of the United States after a controversial electoral results. He truly represented the policy of Republicans. Promote Weapons and Oil industries. For the purpose a war was needed. Destruction of World Trade Centre on 9/11 will remain a mystery. Without making a proper investigation Americans in complete violation of United Nations Charter followed a policy of “REGIME CHANGE”. They attacked Afghanistan with UN approval and brought NATO armies. As usual in the spirit of Yalta Conference Pakistan was an easily available local ally.
General Musharraf like President Zia-ul-Haq remained a main beneficiary of American war in Afghanistan. But cost for Pakistan his time went very high and bloody. Previous Afghan war gifted Pakistan cultures of Kalashinkov and drugs and this war offered suicide bombers. Unending attacks inside Pakistan at strategic places. Follower of retired General Hamid Gull got a chance to bleed Americans in Afghanistan. For sure Russia and China too are indirectly supportive of forces which take on US-led Coalition in Afghanistan.
Pakistan’s current Afghan policy proved too expensive too lethal and too dangerous. Its most popular leader Benazir Bhutto was assassinated in the name of Al-Qaeda and talebans. Who knows better than Allah who were the real killers of Benazir Bhutto. Resident of Dera Ismail Khan, Bannu, Tank, Miranshah, Wana and Bajour day and night watch unmanned drones of NATO forces flying over these regions in complete violation of Pakistan’s airspace.
The United States of carrying out a missile strike in the country’s lawless tribal region and vowed to avenge the attack, which killed at least 12. Maulvi Omar, spokesman for the Pakistani Taliban, said a house belonging to a local tribesman was hit late on this Wednesday by a guided missile fired from a US drone. Security officials told Pakistan Times at least 12 militants including some foreigners were among those killed in the strike in Damadola village in the northwestern Bajaur tribal district which borders Afghanistan’s volatile Kunar province.
The foreign ministry in Islamabad, however, said the authorities were investigating what caused the explosion. “We have spoken to the concerned authorities. The ministry of interior has informed us that the nature of the incident is being investigated,” spokesman Mohammad Sadiq told a weekly briefing. “It is still not clear whether it was a missile attack, whether it was a rocket attack or it was an internal explosion,” he added.
The attack came as Taliban in the restive region are negotiating a deal with the new Pakistani government, which came to power after the defeat of US ally President Pervez Musharraf’s supporters in February elections. A resident Dera Ismail Khan Wasim Afzal said more than 1,000 tribesmen gathered to bury eight people in Damadola, while four more were buried in neighboring villages.
Shouting “Death to America” and waving klaashnikovs, the mourners vowed they would avenge the attacks from the US forces across the border, the photographer witnessed. “This was an attack on us and we will take revenge from the Americans,” a mourner, Abu Rehan, told local reporter Saeedullah Khan said waving his kalashnikov. Thousands of armed tribesmen later gathered in Khar, the main town in the militant-infested tribal district, to demonstrate against the missile strike, an AFP correspondent said.
A senior security official said two houses belonging to local Taliban militant leaders Maulvi Hasan and Maulvi Taj were the target of the attack, which destroyed the buildings completely. Militant spokesman Omar said there were no Taliban leaders in the targeted area. “The missile attack was an attempt to sabotage the (peace) talks” with the government, Omar said. “Americans do not want peace in the region.”
He added that “talks would continue despite the missile attack”, but warned the Taliban would avenge the killings. “We have taken revenge for our martyrs in the past and we will take revenge now also,” he said. Meanwhile, a demonstration was held in Peshawar, the capital of North West Frontier Province, where protesters raised anti-US slogans, witnesses said.
Members of the Pakistan People’s Party Sherpao carried a large banner which read: “We condemn this barbaric action of the the United States. Who befriends the US is the traitor of the nation.” The party is led by former interior minister Aftab Sherpao who had been playing an active role in Pakistan’s drive against pro-Taliban and Al-Qaeda militants.
A US Predator drone targeted Al-Qaeda’s deputy leader Ayman al-Zawahiri in Damadola in 2006, killing several rebels but missing him. Missile attacks in the past have claimed the lives of several militants in Pakistan’s volatile tribal belt. Pakistan this week moved troops away from villages and towns in the region as the peace process advanced, officials said Wednesday. As part of the process, more than 30 jailed tribesmen were freed Tuesday in return for the release of a dozen soldiers held by militants, a security official said.